Oral malocclusions refer to a bite pattern that is abnormal. In other words, the teeth do not fit together properly. There are many different types of malocclusions that your dentist may diagnose you with. If your dentist recommends orthodontic treatment for malocclusion, talk to them about the benefits of straightening your teeth. In addition to enjoying a more beautiful smile, treating a malocclusion can help reduce your risk of the following oral health problems.
Oral Structure Injuries
The muscles in your jaw area allow for an incredible exertion of force that allows you to bite into foods and chew them properly. If your teeth are misaligned, however, the exerted force can cause significant damage over time by leading to the degradation of the supporting ligaments. An improper bite pattern can wear down your teeth, causing chips or cracks that adversely affect the integrity of the teeth. You are also at risk of deterioration of the underlying bone structure. Your dentist will likely warn you that eventually, these complications could lead to edentulism, or tooth loss.
Temporomandibular Joint Disorder (TMD)
When you have an oral malocclusion, your teeth are not the only structures that could be misaligned. Your upper and lower jaws could also work disproportionately to each other. Jaw joint misalignment can cause temporomandibular joint disorder. TMD is characterized by mild to severe jaw pain, ear pain, and headaches. Furthermore, TMD can lead to a reduced ability to manipulate your jaws properly for speaking and chewing.
When misaligned teeth result in worn-away enamel, the sensitive areas of the tooth are exposed. This means that you are at a higher risk of discomfort from eating or drinking hot or cold items. If you experience tooth sensitivity, see your dentist promptly for a professional cleaning and check-up.
Fortunately, with orthodontic treatment from your dentist, you can prevent these potential complications of oral malocclusion. Residents of the Baltimore area who would like to improve the appearance and health of their smiles are encouraged to call The Smile Design Center. You can reach our cosmetic dentistry office at (443) 275-9821 or visit us on the Web to learn more about our dental services.