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Understanding the Link Between Oral Health and Diabetes

Last updated 3 years ago

A strong relationship exists between oral health and overall health. The state of your teeth and gums can impact several other operations, including your cardiovascular and metabolic systems. In particular, dentists have discovered a profound connection between periodontal disease and diabetes. If you suffer from either condition, consider these factors that could increase the severity of both.  

Excessive Blood Glucose
Diabetes makes it challenging for your body to control its blood glucose levels on its own. As a result, you can suffer from high levels of blood glucose, which can translate into more sugar in your saliva as well. The bacteria that reside in your mouth are continually looking for sugar that they can convert into bacterial acids that stick to your tooth enamel and create plaque.

Gum Infection Dangers
The longer that plaque remains in the mouth, the greater the chance that it will damage nearby gum tissue. In fact, the long-term presence of plaque can lead to an infection of the gum tissues, a symptom of periodontal disease. Though the body may try to remedy the infection with the help of the immune system, the presence of diabetes can suppress its efforts. As a result, the infection can persist and grow worse with time. 

Eventual Tooth Loss
When plaque lingers in the mouth, the gums respond by pulling away from the surfaces of the teeth. What remains are unprotected spaces in which bacteria can proliferate. When periodontal infection becomes widespread, it can break down gum fibers and bone tissue, leaving teeth instable. In some cases, the foundation for the teeth roots becomes so weak that a dentist must extract the diseased teeth.

Don’t let diabetes get in the way of your dental health. The Smile Design Center of Baltimore offers effective treatment strategies for individuals in Lutherville, Pikesville, and Baltimore who suffer from diabetes-related periodontal disease. For more information on how we can help you maintain your oral health, call (443) 275-9821 or visit our website. 


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