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Look at the Different Stages of Gum Disease

Last updated 4 years ago

Gum disease is an irritating and sometimes painful condition that often results in red, swollen, or tender gums that can bleed during brushing or flossing. When gum disease progresses, it can pose serious health risks. For the best prognosis, visit your general dentist at the first sign of gingivitis. Here is a look at the three stages of gum disease. 

Dentists refer to the earliest stages of gum disease as gingivitis. Gingivitis is caused when plaque, a sticky colorless film, builds up at the gum line, usually due to poor oral hygiene. Some common symptoms of gingivitis include bleeding during brushing and flossing and gum tenderness. By visiting a dentist as soon as you notice symptoms of gingivitis, you can reverse the damage caused by gum disease and prevent it from affecting your bones and connective tissues.

When gingivitis progresses and begins to harm your teeth, supporting bones, and gum and mouth fibers, it is known as periodontitis. This more severe form of gum disease is often characterized by visibly receding gums or pockets below the gum line that track food and plaque. To ward off future damage and prevent other health complications from developing, visit your dentist for immediate treatment and follow his or her recommendations for at-home care.

Advanced Gum Disease
Advanced periodontitis is the final and most dangerous stage of gum disease. At this stage, an individual’s fibers, teeth, and supporting bone can be destroyed. Patients frequently report to their dentists with missing teeth, problems biting and speaking, and other serious health and cosmetic concerns.

At The Smile Design Center of Baltimore, we provide a wide range of general dentistry, cosmetic, and sedation services to clients from Pikesville to Towson. Whether you simply need a check-up or want to schedule a consultation with a dentist to discuss dental implants, call our Maryland office today at (443) 275-9821.


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